Tips for studying and working in Germany
As a student, if you wish to go abroad for higher studies, getting admission in your preferred world-class university could be a dream come true. The location and the course fees could be a cause for concern, which could even prompt you to have a second thought about going abroad. However, worry not as many students do opt for part-time jobs to ensure that they live their dream of studying in a foreign country. A part-time job in a foreign country would not cover your entire course expenditure, but at least it can help meet a number of overhead costs. Apart from earnings, working alongside your studies can also help you gain exposure and understand the working scenarios to prepare for life after you obtain your degree.
Germany is famous around the world for its advancements in the fields of engineering and automation. Besides being a country that promotes innovation, Germany has one of the lowest unemployment rates across European countries. It could work wonders for you if you have decided to study engineering in Germany. All of these positive elements make Germany an attractive destination for students who wish to study and work in Germany while completing their education and in future as well. Studying MS in Germany is also one of the most popular options.
Whether you are on a lookout for extensive programs, top universities, or research options, Germany is an ideal destination. There are a number of German universities for masters as well. If you have decided to work alongside your studies, there are certain things that you must keep in mind. The most important being your eligibility and relevant laws that govern part-time jobs. Once you have taken care of this, you can move forward to selecting the work of your choice.
Work while studying in Germany
Seven laws governing part-time jobs that you must consider carefully
If you are enrolled in a university in Germany as an international student, you are eligible to take up part-time jobs based on the following criteria:
- As a student, you can work for 120 full days for 240 half days in a calendar year. However, this number could vary from low-employment regions to high-employment regions. If you are living in a high-employment region, you might just get lucky, as could get a work permit that could be of more than 120 days.
- During regular college terms, students cannot work for more than 20 hours a week. However, during vacations, they can take up full-time jobs.
- Before you take up employment, a work permit from the federal employment agency is required, which would have details of the maximum limit of work you can do as a student.
- In case you are enrolled in a language course or preparatory course, you will face tighter regulations. You will need explicit permission to work from the university and will be allowed to work only during lecture-free periods.
- Students who earn less than 450 euros a month and work for less than 50 days continuously over the entire year are exempted from taxes.
- Working for 20 more than 20 hours per week is not permitted and if you do violate this limit, you will have to pay for unemployment, nursing care and health insurance.
- You must, at all times, comply with the governing laws. Failure to do so will result in expulsion not only from the university but the country as well.
Different types of part-time jobs that you can pursue while studying
While there are several options, choosing the one that matches your skills and interests would be very important. Here are some options that you can consider:
- Teaching jobs at colleges and universities – If you are a research scholar, it will be very easy to land a job that will pay you decently. You can work in numerous capacities like preparing research literature, delivering lectures or even working as librarian. These are some of the best jobs that can be pursued in colleges and universities and are advertised well in advance.
- Waiter or support staff – Waiting or support staff assignments are very popular options among students. The pay here would not be much but it gives great opportunities to work in a vibrant environment and meet new people the whole time. Many times, you might receive decent tips as well.
- English teachers – English is a global language and not a primary one in Germany can be used to your advantage. Giving private tuition’s to native Germans can be a lucrative option, However, you must have advanced English language skills before you decide to take up such opportunities.
- Industrial production assistants – If you plan to study engineering in Germany, working as an industrial production assistant could be an opportunity that will give you relevant exposure. If you are pursuing MS in Germany, you can use these jobs as a precursor to a full-fledged career.
Once you are clear with the laws and employment opportunities, the last but most important aspect to consider is the earnings. Usually, the per-hour rates for students are anywhere between 5-15 euros, which could mean monthly earnings of around 450 euros. In some cases, research assistants can earn higher sums and would also be exempted from taxes. Overall, the maximum amount you can earn without paying any taxes would be around 8300 euros.
Debendra Jena, a B.Tech Graduate with specialization in Education Counselling for Abroad Destination.
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